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Vol. 34. Issue 5.
Pages 228-237 (September - October 2023)
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Vol. 34. Issue 5.
Pages 228-237 (September - October 2023)
Clinical research
Comparison of intraoperative imaging guided versus microelectrode recording guided deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease: A meta-analysis
Comparativa entre la cirugía guiada por imágenes y la estimulación cerebral profunda guiada por microelectrodos en el tratamiento de la enfermedad de Parkinson: un metaanálisis
Tsung-Che Chuanga,1, Jia-Qi Tana,1, Shu-Mei Chenb,c,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
a Department of Primary Medicine, Shuang-Ho Hospital, New Taipei, Taiwan
b Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
c Department of Neurosurgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
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Table 1. Characteristics of the included studies.
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Traditionally, most centers would use microelectrode recording (MER) to refine targeting in deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. In recent years, intraoperative imaging (IMG) guided DBS has become an alternative way to verify lead placement. Currently, there is still controversy surrounding the necessity of MER or IMG for DBS. This meta-analysis aims to explore lead accuracy, clinical efficacy and safety between IMG and MER guided DBS for Parkinson's disease (PD).


PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library were searched up to Mar, 2021 for studies reporting comparisons between IMG and MER guided DBS for PD. Subgroup analysis was conducted to assess effects of different IMG technology and DBS targeting site.


Six studies, comprising of 478 patients were included in our analysis. The mean difference between the two implantation techniques in stereotactic accuracy, lead passes per trajectory, improvement% of Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III and levodopa equivalent daily dose were −0.45 (95% confidence interval, CI=−1.11 to 0.20), −0.18 (95% CI=−0.41 to 0.06), 3.40 (95% CI=−5.36 to 12.16), and 5.00 (95% CI=−1.40 to 11.39), respectively. No significant differences were observed in each adverse event and operation/procedure time between the two implantation techniques.


Both IMG and MER guided DBS offered effective control of motor symptoms for PD. Besides, IMG guided is comparable to MER guided DBS, in terms of safety, accuracy and efficiency. It is recommended for each hospital to select DBS guidance technology based on available resources and equipment.

Deep brain stimulation
Interventional magnetic resonance imaging
Intraoperative computed tomography
Parkinson's disease

Tradicionalmente, la mayoría de los centros usaban los microelectrodos de registro (microelectrode recording [MER]) para mejorar la orientación en la cirugía mediante la estimulación cerebral profunda (deep brain stimulation [DBS]). En los últimos años, la DBS orientada mediante imágenes intraoperatorias (intraoperative imaging guided [IMG]) se ha convertido en una forma alternativa de verificar la colocación de los electrodos. Hoy en día, todavía existe controversia en torno al uso de MER o IMG para realizar una DBS. Este metaanálisis tiene como objetivo explorar la precisión de los electrodos, la eficacia clínica y la seguridad entre la DBS guiada mediante IMG y MER en el tratamiento de la enfermedad de Parkinson (EP).


Se realizaron búsquedas en PubMed, Embase, Web of Science y Cochrane Library hasta marzo de 2021 para localizar estudios que informasen sobre comparaciones entre la DBS guiada mediante IMG y la guiada mediante MER en la EP. Se realizó un análisis de subgrupos para evaluar los efectos de una tecnología IMG y una ubicación DBS guiada diferentes.


En nuestro análisis hemos incluido seis estudios con 478 pacientes. La diferencia media entre las dos técnicas de implantación en la precisión estereotáctica, los pasos del electrodo por trayectoria, el porcentaje de mejora de la escala unificada de clasificación de la enfermedad de Parkinson, parteIII, y la dosis diaria equivalente de levodopa fueron −0,45 (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC 95%]: −1,11 a 0,20), −0,18 (IC 95%: −0,41 a 0,06), 3,40 (IC 95%: −5,36 a 12,16) y 5,00 (IC 95%: −1,40 a 11,39), respectivamente. No se observaron diferencias significativas en cada evento adverso y tiempo de operación/procedimiento entre las dos técnicas de implantación.


Tanto la DBS guiada mediante IMG como la guiada mediante MER ofrecieron un control eficaz de los síntomas motores de la EP. Además, la DBS orientada guiada por IMG es comparable a la orientada guiada por MER en cuanto a seguridad, precisión y eficiencia. Se recomienda que cada hospital seleccione la tecnología DBS guiada en función de los recursos y del equipamiento disponibles.

Palabras clave:
Estimulación cerebral profunda
Resonancia magnética intervencionista mediante imágenes
Tomografía computarizada intraoperatoria
Enfermedad de Parkinson


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