Publish in this journal
Journal Information
Share
Share
Download PDF
More article options
ePub
Visits
...
Clinical Research
Available online 5 March 2022
Neurological mechanisms involved in idiopathic scoliosis. Systematic review of the literature
Mecanismos neurológicos involucrados en la escoliosis idiopática. Revisión sistemática de la literatura
Visits
...
David Camilo Gómez Cristanchoa,
Corresponding author
david010@hotmail.es

Corresponding author.
, Gabriela Jovel Trujillob, Iván Felipe Manriqueb, Juan Carlos Pérez Rodríguezc, Roberto Carlos Díaz Orduzc, Miguel Enrique Berbeo Calderónc
a Médico General, Miembro Semillero Neurología y Neurocirugía, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana-Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá, Colombia
b Estudiante de Medicina, Miembro Semillero Neurología y Neurocirugía, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana-Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá, Colombia
c Médico Neurocirujano, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana-Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Bogotá, Colombia
Received 24 July 2021. Accepted 09 November 2021
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (2)
Tables (1)
Table 1. Articles included in the systematic review of the scientific literature on neurobiological response to idiopathic scoliosis.
Abstract

The literature that explains the neurological mechanisms underlying the development or compensation of idiopathic scoliosis is limited. The objective of the article is to describe and integrate the mechanisms and nerve pathways through which idiopathic scoliosis is compensated and/or developed. A narrative systematic review in different databases of the studies published between January 1, 1967 and April 1, 2021 was performed, using the following terms: “scoliosis”, “vision”, “eye”, “vestibule”, “labyrinth” “posture”, “balance”, “eye movements”, “cerebellum”, “proprioception”, and “physiological adaptation”. In the search, 1112 references were identified, of which 50 were finally included: 46 observational analytical clinical studies-descriptive (between cohorts, report and series of cases) and 4 experimental studies. In the neurological response to idiopathic scoliosis, the sensory-cortical integration of the afferences in the visual-oculomotor-vestibular-proprioceptive systems, allows modifications at the postural level in order to achieve an initial compensation on the sagittal balance and the centre of body mass; however, over time these compensation mechanisms may be exhausted causing progression of the initial deformity.

Keywords:
Scoliosis
Adaptation
Compensation
Posture
Propioception
Physiological
Resumen

La literatura que explica los mecanismos neurológicos que subyacen al desarrollo o a la compensación de la escoliosis idiopática es limitada. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir e integrar los mecanismos y las vías nerviosas por medio de las cuales se compensa y/o se desarrolla la escoliosis idiopática. Se realizó una revisión sistemática narrativa en diferentes bases de datos sobre los estudios publicados entre el 1 de enero 1967 y el 1 de abril de 2021, empleando los siguientes términos: «scoliosis», «vision», «ocular», «vestibule», «labyrinth», «posture», «balance», «eye movements», «cerebellum», «proprioception» y «physiological adaptation». En la búsqueda se identificaron 1.112 referencias, de las cuales al final se incluyeron 50: 46 estudios clínicos observacionales analítico-descriptivos (entre cohortes, reporte y serie de casos) y 4 estudios experimentales. En la respuesta neurológica a la escoliosis idiopática, la integración sensitivo-cortical de las aferencias visual-oculomotor-vestibular-propioceptiva permite realizar modificaciones a nivel postural con el fin de lograr una compensación inicial sobre el balance sagital y el centro de masa; sin embargo, con el tiempo dicho mecanismo de compensación puede agotarse y causar progresión de la deformidad inicial.

Palabras clave:
Escoliosis
Adaptación
Compensación
Postura
Propiocepción
Fisiológico

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Neurocirugía (English edition)
Member
Member of the Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía

If it is the first time you have accessed you can obtain your credentials by contacting Elsevier Spain in suscripciones@elsevier.com or by calling our Customer Service at902 88 87 40 if you are calling from Spain or at +34 932 418 800 (from 9 to 18h., GMT + 1) if you are calling outside of Spain.

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option ¿I have forgotten my password¿.

Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Neurocirugía (English edition)

Purchase
Purchase article

Purchasing article the PDF version will be downloaded

Price 19.34 €

Purchase now
Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Email
Idiomas
Neurocirugía (English edition)

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options
Tools
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?